Ayurveda the earliest Life Science which originated in India, is practiced for attaining the
complete health to accomplish the four human pursuits (Dharma,Artha,Kama and Moksha).
Attaining Moksha (salvation) is considered to be the ultimate goal of the human. 'Ayurveda' is composed
of 'Ayu' & 'Veda', Veda means the reliable knowledge and Ayu means the Life which is produced of
Atma(Soul),Satwa(Manas) , Indria(Sensory organs), and Shareera(Body) it possesses the synonyms like
Dhaari – Jeevitham – Nityaga and Anubandha. Ayurveda is the Upaveda to Atharva Veda.
For the welfare of the human Brahma the creator memorized the Science of Ayurveda and taught
it to Indra, Ashwini Kumar, Daksha Prajapathi. Then it is taught to the eminent sages like Kashyapa,
Dhanwanthari, Bharadwaja, Nimi etc, like this the Science of Life come down to the earth as Ashtanga Ayurveda. Ayurveda is not only
an anticipatory therapy but also healing therapy.
Ayurveda intends to be a means of precaution and at the same time aims to restore health and healing.
"Swastasya Swastya rakshana Aturasya Vikara Prashamana". The Prakruti and Purusha
have similarity with the living body which is known as Shatdhatwatmaka purusha(Panchamaha Bhootha and Aatma).
The quantitative, qualitative and functional equilibrium of dosha(Tridoshas), dhatu(Sapta dhatu),
mala(Tri mala), Agni (Trayodashaagni) and pleasantness of Aatma manaha and indriya is known as 'Swasthya'
(perfect balance with physical and mental health). The role of herbs and nature in Ayurveda treatment
is astounding. Ayurveda restores rhythm of nature in modern man when one fails to appreciate power
of nature.The knowledge of structural and functional units of the body, its basic components,
its ratio, evolutionary process, its relation to nature and the principles those vary the
health principles etc. are known or understood with the knowledge of Padartha Vigyan.
All Vedas are considered to be eternal.
Ayurveda is a whole system which integrating mind,
body and the spirit. Though the time has changed Ayurveda tradition still cures
a number of ailments when modern medical science fails.
The meaning of Kaya is Body, that's the digestive hearth and also the treatment based on this Agni is named as Kayachikitsa.
(Chikitsa = Treatment). this can be extremely the general treatment and it encompasses all different branches too. essentially Agni
is accountable for conversion of food into the body elements. Diseases emerge owing to awry of the Agni and thus if the Agni
is set right once more, then the patients get cured. thus the total treatment in Ayurveda relies on the conception of Agni.
Ayurveda give elaborate description regarding numerous diseases like jwara (Fever), pandu (Anemia), Atisara (Diarrhea) etc.
This branch deals with diseases of kids. it's been separated as a result of, kids want special style
of treatment. The doses are low and also the medicines ought to even be not robust. there's another peculiarity
of Ayurveda that it emphasizes on breast milk for feeding the babies and yet one more necessary factor is,
if the breast milk isn't correct in quality it should also produces diseases in baby and thence must be
sublimate by sure herbs for treating the child.
Agada Tantra, also called toxicology branch of Ayurveda, or Visha Chikitsa, is one in all the eight branches
of Ayurveda, that refers to varied strategies of eliminating toxins from the body, apart from being an counter poison
for poisons. This branch deals with treatment of various natural toxins ensuing from wild lives like animals, insects,
or birds, herbs, vegetables, plants, minerals, artificial poisons, water and pollution. Agada Tantra conjointly includes
the negative effects of unhealthy food habits and medicines, that may lead to chronic poisoning symptoms.
"Urdhvang" is upper a part of the body i.e. the head and Neck . This branch deals with diseases that are
related to the head and neck region. The branch is additionally known as “Shalakaya Tantra.” due to the use
of special quite instrument known as as “Shalaka”. Ear, Nose, Throat diseases and diseases connected with the
eye and head are restrained, during this specific branch.
This branch deals with diseases that are caused by a foreign body like AN arrow or blade etc.
Actually this is a surgical branch wherever in diseases because of an external trauma are treated surgically.
This has a wider application in wars. currently a days injuries caused by accidents are treated by this branch.
the frilly description about numerous types of instruments like scissors, scalps, holders, etc.
There are mythological stories regarding the grahas i.e. demons. This explicit branch deals with
diseases caused by such demons. The branch isn't significantly in follow nowadays and would need research work more.
Science of rejuvenation. This section deals to maintain the longevity, Intellectual behavior, rejuvenate the body, narrates the maintenance of General Health Conditions. Rejuvenation therapy is effective to promote mental health and memory. Rejuvenation therapy has health care benefits that it generally increases vitality and makes people comfortable.
Science of Aphrodisiacs to strengthen sexual power and to keep vigor. For individuals and community sexual health is essentially important so the separate branch of ayurveda is established. This separate wing keeps measures to relate mental, physical, spiritual and social harmony.